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When a priest or religious completes residential treatment at Saint Luke Institute, the achievement is celebrated with a commissioning liturgy.
Though this may seem like a conclusion, it is more like the end of a chapter than the end of a book.
Successful recovery is an ongoing journey that requires vigilance and care. In fact, an important part of commissioning is the signing of a contract that outlines goals and action steps developed by the individual with his or her therapists and agreed-upon with his or her contact person or superior.
For someone living with addiction, the contract usually includes participation in 12-Step programs, therapy, use of a support network, medication, and other strategies to implement the skills and knowledge developed in treatment to be stable and able to self-regulate.
Some studies have suggested the risk of relapse for an alcoholic can be 40 percent or more, and relapse may occur more than once over a person’s life. For a priest or religious, relapse can bring feelings of shame and a sense of personal and vocational failure. This shame then becomes part of the relapse cycle, as it can be not only the result of relapse, but also a cause.
Relapse is “the process of becoming dysfunctional in recovery, which leads to a return to chemical use, physical or emotional collapse, or suicide.” (www.SAMHSA. gov, TAP #19, 2016)
It is important to understand relapse not as a person’s failure, but potentially as part of the normal recovery process. An addiction is a chronic disease and, like other diseases, needs to be monitored and treated based on the stage and symptoms present at a particular time.
Relapse occurs when a person minimizes triggers, engages in solitary problem solving and delays in sharing his fragility with others.
Triggers that can undermine the stability of a person’s recovery include stress, grief, an unexpected loss, news of a serious health issue, or even a ministry reassignment or retirement. A person also may experience increased cravings when encountering people, places or things he or she associates with prior addictive behavior.
Someone who is relapsing may not be aware of what is occurring. It is important for the person’s close friends, support group and superior to pay attention to early warning signs, such as:
Early intervention by a close friend and/or superior who calmly challenges the person’s behavior often can be very effective, especially in the early stages. An important part of healthy recovery is being able to speak openly with colleagues and friends about cravings and triggers. Support can be very effective in stopping the slide into further relapse.
Sometimes, however, a person is not able or motivated to take the steps necessary to stop the process. A more formal intervention and treatment are necessary. Consultation with a mental health professional and a person’s support team can help guide the next steps, which may include additional treatment.
The goals of relapse treatment are to identify and retool a person’s knowledge of and response to triggers so he or she may return to stability and recovery, and identify and address co-occurring conditions. For example, a person in recovery who also has depression may self-isolate and return to self-medicating through alcohol or a narcotic.
The components of relapse recovery treatment – daily group therapy, intensive individual therapy and 12-Step programs – are designed to:
Successful treatment focuses on identifying what happened, why the process of recovery failed and then adjusting a person’s skills and knowledge to the situation, similar to the approach followed with other chronic diseases.
Stephen Carroll, Ph.D., LCPC, is coordinator of the Visitation Program of Saint Luke Institute. This 3-month program addresses relapse recovery and prevention. Dr. Carroll’s email is [email protected].
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