Username or Email Address
Online and print newsletter with practical tips for healthy life and ministry.
View all articles
Keep the conversation going on critical issues in spiritual and psychological health.
View all articles
by Kathleen Glufling, Psy.D.
Printable version (PDF)
The term dementia is a comprehensive word used to describe the symptoms of cognitive impairment. Alzheimer’s disease, while the most common type of dementia, is just one of many variations within the dementia family. There are many types of dementia, including dementia resulting from alcohol misuse, dementia associated with HIV, and dementia resulting from traumatic brain injury. Below we explore the characteristics of and differences among the four most common types of dementia.
Alzheimer’s can be described as a slow process of going backwards in time. The disease process is divided into seven stages, beginning with simple confusion. The later stages can mean significant impairment (e.g., loss of ability to swallow) and the need for full-time care. Early symptoms include:
Also known as Dementia with Lewy Bodies, LBD is another very common, yet frequently misdiagnosed or undiagnosed type of dementia. Symptoms include:
This type of dementia, sometimes called “post stroke dementia,” is very different from Alzheimer’s or LBD. Vascular dementia is brain damage traced to cardiovascular problems, or mini-strokes that have caused bleeding or injury in the brain. Symptoms may be most obvious when they happen soon after a major stroke. The use of medication has been shown to prevent or slow further brain damage. Sudden post-stroke changes in thinking and perception may include:
FTD occurs when there is deterioration to the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. Symptoms may occur in clusters, and some may be more prevalent in early or later stages. Symptoms include:
NIA Alzheimer’s and Related Dementias Education and Referral (ADEAR) Center
1-800-438-4380 | email@example.com
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
1-800-352-9424 | firstname.lastname@example.org
Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration
1-866-507-7222 | email@example.com
Lewy Body Dementia Association
1-844-311-0587 (LBD Caregiver Link)
Saint Luke Institute’s Aging and Memory Evaluation assesses whether signs of cognitive decline are due to neurological or psychological issues. Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or 301-422-5429 to schedule an evaluation.
8901 New Hampshire Avenue | Silver Spring, Maryland 20903 | www.sli.org
St. Luke's Centre | Manchester, England | www.stlukescentre.org.uk
Saint Luke Center | Louisville, Kentucky | www.stlukecenter.org
St. Luke Consultation Center | St. Louis, Missouri | www.stlconsult.org
© 2012-2018 Saint Luke Institute